Defense of final causes. Ratiocination and instinct. CSP is guided by the following maxim: Define all mental characters as far as possible in terms of their outward manifestations. This maxim is roughly equivalent to the rule of pragmatism. It can be said to aid security but not uberty of reasoning. "Yet the maxim of Pragmatism does not bestow a single smile upon beauty, upon moral virtue, or upon abstract truth, the three things that alone raise Humanity above Animality." The science of psychology is of no help in laying the foundations of a sane philosophy of reasoning, and precisely why CSP believes this to be so.
final Causation, Instinct, Logic (modal see Modality), Pragmatism and Pragmaticism, Psychology, Ratiocination, Reasoning (probable see also Probability), uberty of Reasoning
pp. 1-53, with 10 pp. of variants