Page 8 of this manuscript continues p. 7 of MS. 647, and is a later draft of that manuscript. Laplace's definition of "probability." Distinction between fact and occurrence, with Laplace attributing probability to occurrences rather than facts. Probability and states of mind. Background and history of the nominalist-realist controversy. Key figures in the controversy. Scotists and Ockhamists. Humanism and nominalism. Prantl's ignorance of Scholastic logic, especially in his Geschichte der Logik. The first question to ask of a logician is whether he is a nominalist or a realist. Eleatic doctrines and nominalism. Epicurean theory of induction. The plight of original minds in America.
Definition, Eleatic doctrines, Epicureanism, Fact, Humanism, Induction, Laplace, Pierre Simon de, Logic (modal see Modality), Nominalism, Occurrence, Ockhamists, Prantl Karl, Probability and Chance, Realism, Scholastic logic, Scotists (see also Duns Scotus)
pp. 8-58, 58-60, plus 10 pp. of variants